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دوفصلنامه علمی- پژوهشی کشاورزی بوم شناختی
مشاهده جزئیات مقاله
دانلود فایل مقاله :
( 1991 بازدید ) ( 71 دانلود )
اطلاعات انتشار : دوره 4 - شماره 2
نوع مقاله : مقالة‌ تحقيقي‌ (پژوهشي‌)
محورهای مقاله : محور اول
عنوان مقاله : تبیین تاثیر تغییر غلظت و جذب عناصر غذایی پرمصرف، کارایی اقتصادی کوددهی و مصرف نیتروژن در تولید گیاه دارویی اسفرزهPlantago ovata Forssk.)  با کاربرد تیمارهای مختلف کود آلی و شیمیایی
خلاصه مقاله : به منظور بررسی و تبیین تاثیر میزان كود آلي و شيميايي بر غلظت و جذب برخي عناصر غذايي پر مصرف، كارايي مصرف نيتروژن و كارايي اقتصادي كوددهي در توليد گياه دارویی اسفرزه، آزمایشی بهصورت بلوک کامل تصادفی با 7 تیمار و 4 تکرار در کشتزار تحقیقاتی دانشگاه شهرکرد در سال 1390 اجرا شد. تیمارهای کودی شامل سه سطح نيتروژن قابل دسترس (30، 60  و 90 كيلوگرم در هكتار) از منبع كود گاوي، سه سطح نيتروژن (30، 60 و 90 كيلوگرم در هكتار) از منبع كود اوره و همچنين تيمار شاهد (بدون مصرف كود) بودند. نتایج نشان داد که كوددهي غلظت نيتروژن و پتاسيم دانه و نیز جذب نيتروژن، فسفر و پتاسيم دانه را بهطور معنيداري افزايش داد (۰۵/۰P). غلظت نيتروژن دانه و جذب آن در شرايط کاربرد كود اوره نسبت به كود گاوي برتري معنيداري داشت (۰۵/۰P). اما جذب فسفر و پتاسيم در شرايط کاربرد كود گاوي بهتر بود، به طوری که جذب این دو عنصر در تيمار 90 كيلوگرم نيتروژن در هكتار از منبع كود گاوي به ترتیب 8/7 و 24/57 گرم بر کیلوگرم بود. به طور كلي بيشترين غلظت و جذب عناصر و كارايي فيزيولوژيكی و بازيافت نيتروژن با تیمار 90 كيلوگرم نيتروژن در هكتار از منبع كود اوره و يا كود گاوي به­دست­آمد. اگرچه كارايي زراعی دو كود تفاوت معني­داري نداشت ولي کارایی فیزیولوژیکی و بازيافت نیتروژن و همچنین كارايي اقتصادي دو کود دارای تفاوت معنیداری بودند. بنابراین می­توان اظهار داشت که برتری کیفیت دانه تولیدی این محصول از لحاظ فسفر و پتاسیم در شرایط کاربرد کود گاوی به همراه برابری کارایی مصرف نیتروژن در کود آلی با کود شیمیایی بیانگر نقش بوم­شناختی (اکولوژیکی) برجسته کاربرد کود دامی در تولید گیاه دارویی اسفرزه و ضرورت ارزشگذاری کیفیت محصولات ارگانیک می­باشد.
تخصص ها : ارگانیک، كارايي زراعی نیتروژن، پتاسیم، فسفر، جذب عناصر غذایی.
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شماره صفحه :
از 21 تا 32


نویسندگان مقاله :
نویسندهترتیب نویسندهدانشگاه / سازمان/ موسسهدانشگاه / سازمان/ موسسه ( لاتین )سمتپست الکترونیکیمدرک تحصیلی
سمیرا نصیرزاده 1دانشگاه شهرکردUniversity of Shahrekord falah1357@yahoo.com 
سیف اله فلاح
(نویسنده مسئول)
2دانشگاه شهرکردUniversity of Shahrekord falah1357@yahoo.com 
مریم حیدری 3دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهرکردShahrekord University of Medical Sciences falah1357@yahoo.com 

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